Carthage was a Phoenician city-state on the coast of North Africa...
The armies of Carthage permitted the city to forge the most powerful...
Carthaginian Naval Warfare
The Carthaginians were famed in antiquity for their seafaring skills...
Carthaginian warfare has been overshadowed by defeat to Rome in...
Hamilcar Barca (c. 285 – c. 228 BCE) was a Carthaginian general...
The Punic Wars were a series of conflicts fought between the forces...
Roman Naval Warfare
Military supremacy of the seas could be a crucial factor in the...
Second Punic War
The Second Punic War (aka The Hannibalic War) was fought between...
Elephants in Greek & Roman Warfare
In the search for ever more impressive and lethal weapons to shock...
The Masaesyli and Massylii of Numidia
The North African Berber kingdom of Numidia (202-40 BCE) was originally...
Battle of Cape Ecnomus
A modern recreation of the Battle of Cape Ecnomus (256 BCE) by...
Battle of Lilybaeum
An illustration of the Battle of Lilybaeum (Marsala) in 250 BCE...