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Samguk Yusa
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Samguk Yusa

The Samguk yusa ('Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms') is a 13th-century CE text which covers the history and legends of Korea's founding right up to the 10th century CE. It is a sequel of sorts to the earlier Samguk sagi ('Records...
Ancient Korean Sculpture
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Ancient Korean Sculpture

The sculpture of ancient Korea was dominated by Buddhist themes such as figurines and monumental statues of the Buddha and his followers, and large bronze bells for temples. Gilded-bronze was the most common material used by Korean sculptors...
Taejo of Goryeo
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Taejo of Goryeo

Taejo (r. 918-943 CE), previously known as Wang Geon or Wang Kon, was the founder and first king of the Goryeo (Koryo) kingdom which unified and ruled ancient Korea from 918 CE to 1392 CE. Wang Geon was given the posthumous title of Taejo...
Gwanggaeto the Great
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Gwanggaeto the Great

Gwanggaeto (Kwanggaeto), often referred to as Gwanggaeto the Great, was king of the Goguryeo (Koguryo) kingdom which ruled northern Korea during the Three Kingdoms period. Gwanggaeto reigned between 391 and 413 CE, and living up to his other...
Kim Yu-sin
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Kim Yu-sin

Kim Yu-sin (aka Kim Yushin, 595-673 CE) was a general of the Silla kingdom which ruled south-eastern Korea during the Three Kingdoms Period. Kim would greatly help Silla unify Korea, famously leading a massive army to crush the rival kingdom...
Balhae
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Balhae

The Balhae (Parhae) kingdom in Manchuria (698-926 CE) was an important regional power which interacted both peacefully and otherwise with its neighbours the Unified Silla Kingdom of Korea and Tang China. The latter was a strong cultural influence...
Ancient Korean Coinage
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Ancient Korean Coinage

The coinage of ancient Korea (pre-13th century CE) first employed Chinese coins, known locally as the oshuchon. Korean rulers began minting their own metal coins from the late 10th century CE, first in copper and iron, and later in bronze...
Hanji
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Hanji

Hanji is the name of the handmade paper produced in ancient Korea from the 1st century BCE. Made from mulberry trees its exceptional quality made it a successful export, and it was widely used not only for writing but also interior walls...
Bone Rank System
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Bone Rank System

The Bone Rank System (Golpum or Kolpum) of ancient Korea was used in the Silla kingdom (57 BCE – 935 CE) in order to signal a person’s political rank and social status. Membership of a particular rank within the system was extremely...
Ancient Korea
Lesson Pack by Marion Wadowski

Ancient Korea

Detailed​ ​lesson​ ​plan​ ​on ancient Korea, divided​ ​into​ ​three​ ​units​ with varied​ ​materials,​ ​sources,​ ​and​ ​ready-to-print​ ​activities. Homework, assessment and all keys included.Table of Contents Unit ​1:​ The ​Thre ​Kingdom...