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Kartli/Iberia Coin of Ohrmazd IV
Image by geonumismatics.tsu.ge

Kartli/Iberia Coin of Ohrmazd IV

Silver. The weights range from 2,92 gr. to 3,83 gr. d=30-31/34 mm. Obverse: Ohrmazd IV to the right. Legend in Pehlevi: hrm – aphzu (Ohrmazd Augustus), in front of the figure. Cross behind the figure. This is placed within onefold circle...
Kartli/Iberia Coins with a Cross & Altar
Image by geonumismatics.tsu.ge

Kartli/Iberia Coins with a Cross & Altar

Silver. The weights range from 2,44 gr. to 3,23 gr. d= 26/27-29/30 mm. Obverse: Ohrmazd IV to the right. Legend in Pehlevi: hrm – aphzu (Ohrmazd Augustus). This is placed within onefold circle of the dots. Reverse: Cross on altar...
Carthago Nova
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Carthago Nova

Carthago Nova (modern-day Cartagena) was a city on the southern Iberian Peninsula, Spain, originally known as Mastia. Human habitation of the region predates the Neolithic Period, but the area around the site of Carthago Nova seems to have...
Second Crusade
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Second Crusade

The Second Crusade (1147-1149 CE) was a military campaign organised by the Pope and European nobles to recapture the city of Edessa in Mesopotamia which had fallen in 1144 CE to the Muslim Seljuk Turks. Despite an army of 60,000 and the presence...
Reconquista
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Reconquista

The Reconquista (Reconquest) or Iberian Crusades were military campaigns largely conducted between the 11th and 13th century CE to liberate southern Portuguese and Spanish territories, then known as al-Andalus, from the Muslim Moors who had...
Interview: Numantia - Recreating the Ancient Iberian World
Article by James Blake Wiener

Interview: Numantia - Recreating the Ancient Iberian World

RECOTechnology is a small game-developer studio based in Madrid, Spain. Their latest video game - Numantia - allows players to explore the conflicts between the ancient Iberians and ancient Romans. James Blake Wiener of Ancient History Encyclopedia...
Saguntum
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Saguntum

Saguntum (modern Sagunto), located near Valencia in Spain, was an Iberian, and then Roman, settlement. The town’s most dramatic moment in history came in the late 3rd century BCE when it was attacked by Hannibal, an act which famously...
Crusades
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Crusades

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns organised by popes and Christian western powers in order to take Jerusalem and the Holy Land back from Muslim control and then defend those gains. There were eight major official crusades...
Carthaginian Warfare
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Carthaginian Warfare

Carthaginian warfare has been overshadowed by defeat to Rome in the Punic Wars, but for six centuries before that Carthage was remarkably successful in conquering lucrative territories in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Sicily. By...
Etruscan Pottery
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Etruscan Pottery

Etruscan pottery, produced over five centuries, was nothing if not varied. Indigenous wares such as the glossy black bucchero were made alongside red- and black-figure pottery imitating, yet modifying those produced in the Greek world. Geometric...