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Nisaba
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Nisaba

Nisaba (also Naga, Se-Naga, Nissaba, Nidaba, and associated with Nanibgal) is the Sumerian goddess of writing, accounts, and scribe of the gods. Although her name is commonly given as Nidaba, noted scholar Jeremy Black points out that "the...
Parthian Religion
Definition by Patrick Scott Smith, M. A.

Parthian Religion

Parthian religion might be best described with two words: inclusive and evolving. As Parthia's empire held within it a variety of cultures, the Parthians wisely left each to their own beliefs and traditions, like the Seleucid...
Ningishzida
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Ningishzida

Ningishzida, the Mesopotamian deity of vegetation and the underworld, flanked by 2 small human figures. From the 2nd excavation season of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago at Nippur (found at the Scribal Quarter). Old-Babylonian...
The Dates of the Buddha
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Dates of the Buddha

The dates of the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, have been a concern of, primarily, Western scholars for well over 100 years now owing to the particularly Western need for precise dating of historical persons and events. The problem with precise...
Sumerian Civilization: Inventing the Future
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Sumerian Civilization: Inventing the Future

Imagine something that has never been thought of before. If one holds a book in one’s hands, one can imagine an e-book, a large-print book, a picture book, all kinds of books. But how does one imagine a book in a world where even the...