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Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides
Article by Antoine Simonin

Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides

Ai Khanum (also spelled Ai-Khanoum or Ay-Khanum, lit. “Lady Moon” in Uzbek), was founded in the 4th century BC, following the conquests of Alexander the Great and was one of the primary cities of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom...
Plan of Ai Khanum
Image by Claude Rapin

Plan of Ai Khanum

Plan of Ai Khanum as it was excavated by the D.A.F.A until 1978
Cybele Plate
Image by MuseƩ Guimet

Cybele Plate

Plate found at Ai Khanum, in a temple, depicting Cybele, a votive sacrifice and the sun God. 2nd century BCE. (MuseƩ Guimet, Paris)
Chinese Junk Ship
Image by National Maritime Museum, Greenwich

Chinese Junk Ship

A 19th century CE oil painting of a traditional Chinese junk ship, used for ocean-going trade voyages since medieval times. (National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London)
Giraffe Tribute to Emperor Yongle
Image by Shen Du

Giraffe Tribute to Emperor Yongle

A silk scroll painting by Shen Du depicting a giraffe given in tribute by King Saif Al-Din Hamzah Shah of Bengal to the Yongle Emperor (r. 1403-1424 CE) of China's Ming Dynasty. The tribute was one of the many collected by Admiral Zheng He...
Hermaios Silver Tetradrachm
Image by CoinArchives.com

Hermaios Silver Tetradrachm

BAKTRIA, Indo-Greek Kingdom. Hermaios. Circa 105-90 BC. AR Tetradrachm (26mm, 9.61 g, 12h). Obverse:Diademed and draped bust right, wearing helmet adorned with bull's horn and ear Reverse: Zeus enthroned facing slightly left, holding...
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Definition by Antoine Simonin

Eucratidia

Eucratidia was a Greek town in Bactria, one of the easternmost area ever controlled by the Greeks, located at the modern site of Aï Khanum in North-Eastern Afghanistan. The history of this city is still rather unknown, but it seems...