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Eucratid
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Eucratid

The Eucratids were a Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek dynasty of approximately 12 kings, lasting between c.171 BC and 80-70 BC, according to numismatic evidence. The numismatic emblem which characterized it were the palm and the Dioscuri (Castor...
Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides
Article by Antoine Simonin

Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides

Ai Khanum (also spelled Ai-Khanoum or Ay-Khanum, lit. “Lady Moon” in Uzbek), was founded in the 4th century BC, following the conquests of Alexander the Great and was one of the primary cities of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom...
Robert Ritner | A Game of Thrones and Coffins: The Death and Resurrection of Osiris
Video by The Oriental Institute

Robert Ritner | A Game of Thrones and Coffins: The Death and Resurrection of Osiris

A public lecture by Robert Ritner, professor of Egyptology at the Oriental Institute in Breasted Hall. Dr. Ritner is a world-renowned expert on Egyptian religion and mythology, and his lecture focused on the enduring power and appeal of...
Map of the Third Intermediate Period
Image by Jeff Dahl

Map of the Third Intermediate Period

A map showing the political divisions in ancient Egypt during the Third intermediate Period, about 730 BC. The rulers of the 22nd and 23rd Dynasties ruled simultaneously, alongside Libyan chieftains controlling most of the Delta.
Cybele Plate
Image by MuseƩ Guimet

Cybele Plate

Plate found at Ai Khanum, in a temple, depicting Cybele, a votive sacrifice and the sun God. 2nd century BCE. (MuseƩ Guimet, Paris)
Plan of Ai Khanum
Image by Claude Rapin

Plan of Ai Khanum

Plan of Ai Khanum as it was excavated by the D.A.F.A until 1978
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian Kingdom

The Greco-Bactrian kingdom refers to several dynasties and probably kingdoms of Greco-Macedonian monarchs who ruled over Bactria from 250 to 130 BCE. Foundation The Greco-Bactrian kingdom appeared in 250 BCE, when the satrap Diodotos...
Indo-Greek
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Indo-Greek

The first Indo-Greek kingdom appeared circa 190 BCE may when the Greco-Bactrian king or (general for his father) Demetrios was busy in India, when his Indian possessions were divided between several kings, probably firstly in order to better...