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Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian Kingdom

The Greco-Bactrian kingdom refers to several dynasties and probably kingdoms of Greco-Macedonian monarchs who ruled over Bactria from 250 to 130 BCE. Foundation The Greco-Bactrian kingdom appeared in 250 BCE, when the satrap Diodotos...
Cultural links between India & the Greco-Roman world
Article by Sanujit

Cultural links between India & the Greco-Roman world

Cyrus the Great (558-530 BCE) built the first universal empire, stretching from Greece to the Indus River. This was the famous Achaemenid Dynasty of Persia. An inscription at Naqsh-i-Rustam, the tomb of his able successor Darius I (521-486...
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Article by Walter Scheidel

Disease and death in the ancient city of Rome

This paper surveys textual and physical evidence of disease and mortality in the city of Rome in the late republican and imperial periods. It emphasizes the significance of seasonal mortality data and the weaknesses of age at...
Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms in Ancient Texts
Article by Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms in Ancient Texts

The rarity of the appearance of Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms in ancient literature is one of the reasons why those states are so little-known today. Indo-Greek literature did exist, but none has been found that speaks about the...
Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides
Article by Antoine Simonin

Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides

Ai Khanum (also spelled Ai-Khanoum or Ay-Khanum, lit. “Lady Moon” in Uzbek), was founded in the 4th century BC, following the conquests of Alexander the Great and was one of the primary cities of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom...
Some new hypotheses on the problems of the Indo-Greek kingdoms
Article by Antoine Simonin

Some new hypotheses on the problems of the Indo-Greek kingdoms

Warning: See the definitions of Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms before reading this article, otherwise the following lines could give you serious headaches! A lack of information is a common problem for historians of the Greco-Bactrian...
Sprinter on a Vase from Rhodes and a Bronze Running Girl
Video by The British Museum

Sprinter on a Vase from Rhodes and a Bronze Running Girl

The greatest Olympic runner of all was Leonidas of Rhodes who won all three running events at each of the four successive Olympiads between 164 and 152 BCE. Women competed in foot races at Olympia, but these were not part of the Olympic Games...
Coin of both Hermaios and Kujula Kadphises
Image by CoinIndia.com

Coin of both Hermaios and Kujula Kadphises

AE tetradrachm c. first half of 1st. Century Weight:7.29 gm., Diam:22 mm., Die axis: 10h Obverse: Hermaios-style diademed bust right Greek legend around: BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣTHPOΣΣV EPMAIOV (= of the King Hermaios the Saviour) Reverse: Hercules...
Greek and Aramaic inscriptions by king Ashoka
Image by World Imaging

Greek and Aramaic inscriptions by king Ashoka

Bilingual (Greek and Aramaic) inscriptions by king Ashoka at Kandahar (Shar-i-kuna). (3rd century BCE). Preserved at Kabul Museum. Today disappeared. Two-dimensional inscription. Greek (transliteration) 1. δέκα ἐτῶν πληρη[....]ων...
Commemorative coin of Euthydemos from Agathokles of Bactria
Image by Wildwinds.com, courtesy of cngcoins.com. Republished with permission

Commemorative coin of Euthydemos from Agathokles of Bactria

Agathokles of Bactria. Circa 185-170 BC. AR Tetradrachm. Commemorative issue struck for Euthydemos I. Obverse: diademed head of Euthydemos I right. EYΘYΔEMOY ΘEOY (= "of Euthydemos the God") Reverse: Herakles seated left on rock...