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The Cyrus Cylinder
Article by Antoine Simonin

The Cyrus Cylinder

The Cyrus Cylinder is a document issued by Cyrus the Great, consisting of a cylinder of clay inscribed in Akkadian cuneiform script. The cylinder was created in 539 BCE, surely by order of Cyrus the Great, when he took Babylon from Nabonidus...
Saint Augustine of Hippo & His Confession of Faith
Article by John S. Knox

Saint Augustine of Hippo & His Confession of Faith

Few theologians have attained as much renown and influence in history as Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430 CE), a 'Doctor' of the Catholic Church and simply known by his peers as 'The Knowledgeable One.' A brilliant man who...
Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms in Ancient Texts
Article by Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms in Ancient Texts

The rarity of the appearance of Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms in ancient literature is one of the reasons why those states are so little-known today. Indo-Greek literature did exist, but none has been found that speaks about the...
Some new hypotheses on the problems of the Indo-Greek kingdoms
Article by Antoine Simonin

Some new hypotheses on the problems of the Indo-Greek kingdoms

Warning: See the definitions of Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms before reading this article, otherwise the following lines could give you serious headaches! A lack of information is a common problem for historians of the Greco-Bactrian...
Stela of Nabonidus
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Stela of Nabonidus

Here, Nabonidus (reigned 556-539 BCE) wears the traditional dress of a Babylonian king, holding objects symbolizing justice and power. Before him are the star of Ishtar, the winged-disc of Shamash, and the crescent moon god Sin, to whom Nabonidus...
The Babylonian King Nabonidus
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

The Babylonian King Nabonidus

This is a detail of a Babylonian basalt stele. Here the figure of the king, Nabonidus was carved in relief on the obverse side of the stele. The king stands and wears a conical headdress as well as a long fringed garment. The right hand is...
Verse Account of King Nabonidus
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Verse Account of King Nabonidus

"He looks at those effigies and utters blasphemes...". During the reign of Nabonidus (556-539 BCE), Babylon fell to the Persian king Cyrus the Great. Nabonidus' reign was a troubled one. His unpopularity led to this poem, ridiculing Nabonidus...
Mesopotamian Cylinder Naming Nabonidus & Sacred Buildings
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Mesopotamian Cylinder Naming Nabonidus & Sacred Buildings

Nabonidus' preoccupation with the moon god Sin led to building work outside Babylon. This clay cylinder (with very well preserved and beautifully written Babylonian characters) records the restoration of Sin's ziggurat at Ur and also asks...
Tablets with King Nabonidus Inscriptions, Harran
Image by Ronnie Jones III

Tablets with King Nabonidus Inscriptions, Harran

These large tablets comes from the 6th-5th century BCE. They contain the inscriptions from King Nabonidus, who was the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, reigning from 556–539 BC. These tablets were found in Harran - near Sanliurfa...
Stele of King Nabonidus, a close-up view
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Stele of King Nabonidus, a close-up view

It narrates the various religious activities of king Nabonidus and contains the harassment of enemies to the city of Babylon and nearby cities and the renovation of these cities by him as well as homage paid to Gods welling in them. The stele...