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Pergamon
Definition by Cristian Violatti

Pergamon

Pergamon was an ancient city located in the Anatolia region, approximately 25 kilometres from the Aegean Sea in present-day Bergama, Izmir Province of Turkey. The city had great strategic value, since it overlooked the Caicus River Valley...
Attalid Dynasty
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Attalid Dynasty

The Attalid Dynasty ruled an empire from their capital at Pergamon during the 3rd and 2nd century BCE. Fighting for their place in the turbulent world following the death of Alexander the Great, the Attalids briefly flourished with Pergamon...
Hellenistic Period
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Hellenistic Period

The Hellenistic Period is a part of the Ancient Period for the European and Near Asian space. The use of this period is justified by the extent of the Hellenic culture in most of these areas, due to the Greek political presence especially...
Ephesus
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ephesus

According legend, Ephesus (also Ephesos) was founded by the tribe of the Amazons, great female warriors. The name of the city is thought to have been derived from "Apasas", the name of a city in the "Kingdom of Arzawa"...
Conflict & Celts: The Creation of Ancient Galatia
Article by Jeffrey King

Conflict & Celts: The Creation of Ancient Galatia

Galatia was the most long-lasting and powerful Celtic settlement outside of Europe. It was the only kingdom of note to be forged during the Celtic invasions of the Mediterranean in the 4th and 3rd centuries BCE. From its foundation, Galatia...
Roman Mosaics
Article by Mark Cartwright

Roman Mosaics

Roman mosaics were a common feature of private homes and public buildings across the empire from Africa to Antioch. Not only are mosaics beautiful works of art in themselves but they are also an invaluable record of such everyday items as...
The Rise of Cities in the Ancient Mediterranean
Article by Oxford University Press

The Rise of Cities in the Ancient Mediterranean

The history of the ancient world has always been told as a history of cities, from Homer's epic poems about events just before and just after the sack of Troy, through the prose histories of wars between Athens and Sparta, Rome and Carthage...
Alexandros I Balas
Article by Adrian DUMITRU

Alexandros I Balas

Alexandros I Balas was a Seleucid king from 152 BC to 145 BCE. As the Seleucid king Demetrius I Soter (162-150 BCE) became more and more unpopular due to his arrogance and drunkenness, it was quite an easy task for the rival kingdoms, such...
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Video by Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy

The Pergamon Altar, c. 200-150 B.C.E.

More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=L3SIooVHV8E The Pergamon Altar, c. 200-150 B.C.E., 35.64 x 33.4 meters (Pergamon Museum, Berlin) View this work up close on the Google Art Project: http://www.googleartproject.com/collection/pergamonmuseum-berlin/artwork/pergamon-altar-unknown/536029/...
Hecate Fighting the Giant, Pergamon Altar
Image by Mina Bulic

Hecate Fighting the Giant, Pergamon Altar

On the left side the goddess Hecate is depicted while fighting the giant Clytius (she fights in three incarnations with a torch, a sword, and a lance); Detail from the Pergamon Altar's frieze (The frieze depicts Gigantomachy); built in 2nd...