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Thessaly and the Duchy of Neopatras
Definition by Michael Goodyear

Thessaly and the Duchy of Neopatras

Thessaly was an independent state in medieval Greece from 1267 or 1268 to 1394 CE, first as the Greek-ruled Thessaly and later as the Catalan and Latin-ruled Duchy of Neopatras. Under its sebastokrators, Thessaly was a thorn in the side of...
Despotate of Epirus
Definition by Michael Goodyear

Despotate of Epirus

The Despotate of Epirus was one of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire when it disintegrated following the Fourth Crusade’s capture of Constantinople in 1204 CE. It was originally the most successful of those successor...
Duchy of Athens
Definition by Michael Goodyear

Duchy of Athens

The Duchy of Athens was a Latin or Frankish state in Greece that existed from 1205 to 1458 CE. It was created in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade (1202-1204 CE) and would be ruled for the majority of its history by the Burgundian de la...
Despotate of the Morea
Definition by Michael Goodyear

Despotate of the Morea

The Despotate of the Morea was a semi-autonomous appanage of the later Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines retook part of the Peloponnese in Southern Greece in 1262 CE, but the Morea was only officially governed by semi-autonomous despots of...
Coin of Manuel Komnenos Doukas
Image by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Coin of Manuel Komnenos Doukas

Trachy of Manuel Komnenos Doukas, Emperor of Thessalonica and then ruler of Thessaly, (r. 1230-1241 CE).
Thessalonian Silver Didrachm
Image by Mark Cartwright

Thessalonian Silver Didrachm

Silver didrachm from larissa, Thessaly, 395-344 BCE. O: Head of the nymph Larissa. R: Horse trotting.
The Lioness Woman from Tell Zar'a
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

The Lioness Woman from Tell Zar'a

This figurine is a combination of the Syrian goddess Astarte with the Egyptian Hathor-Sekhmet. The head is formed so that the front shows the face of a woman while the side view is the profile of a lioness. The goddesses were associated with...
Coin of Guy II de la Roche
Image by Classical Numismatic Group, Inc.

Coin of Guy II de la Roche

Silver denier of Guy II de la Roche (r. 1287-1308 CE), Duke of Athens. Minted in Thebes, Duchy of Athens.
Nerio I Acciaioli
Image by Francesco Fanelli

Nerio I Acciaioli

Nerio I Acciaioli, ruler of the Duchy of Athens (r. 1388-1394 CE) who briefly conquered the Duchy of Neopatras. Illustration from Atene Attica Descritta da suoi Principii sino all’acquisto fatto dall’Armi Venete nel 1687…, Venice, Antonio...
Map of Greece under Theban Hegemony
Image by Megistias

Map of Greece under Theban Hegemony

A map showing ancient Greece at the time of Theban hegemony, 371 BCE to 362 BCE.