This mortar was an offering from Gudea (ruler of Lagash) to the god Enlil. Neo-Sumerian era, 2141-2122 BCE. From Nippur (modern Nuffar, Al-Qadisiyah Governorate, Iraq), southern Mesopotamia.(Istanbul Archaeological Museums/Ancient Orient...
Advice for a Prince
This literary text gives an advice to a prince on how a king should behave, with the agenda of securing tax exemptions for the cities of Babylon and Nippur. This clay tablet is a copy which was made between 700-650 BCE, of an earlier composition...
Eirene with Plutus
Eirene (Goddess of Peace) with Plutus (God of Wealth) on her arm, 374 CE, acquired 1894/1895 CE, The Royal Cast Collection (Copenhagen, Denmark). Made with Memento Beta (now Remake) from Autodesk.
Babylon at the time of Hammurabi
A locator map of Hammurabi's Babylonia, showing the Babylonian territory upon his ascension in 1792 BC and upon his death in 1750 BC. The river courses and coastline are those of that time period -- in general, they are not the modern rivers...
Map of Sumer and Elam
Map with the locations of the main cities of Sumer and Elam.
Babylon at the time of the Kassites
A map of the Babylonian Empire during the time of the Kassites, roughly the 13th century BC. This map shows the probable river courses and coastline at that time.
Ruins of the Temple of Enlil at Nippur.
Ancient Assyria: A Very Short Introduction
Ancient Assyria: A Very Short Introduction provides an incredibly succinct and valuable introduction to ancient Assyria. At 112 pages of readable content, it is easily accessible to the general public, with not too many technical terms or...
Clay Figurine of a Naked Woman from Nippur
Clay figurine of a naked woman. She puts her hands on her breasts. Probably votive. From Nippur, Iraq. Isin-Larsa Period, 2000-1800 BCE. (The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraq).
Enlil (also known as Ellil and Nunamnir) was the Sumerian god of the air in the Mesopotamian Pantheon but was more powerful than any other elemental deities and eventually was worshiped as King of the Gods. He was the son of the god of the...