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Theodora: A True Heroine?
Article by Jenni Irving

Theodora: A True Heroine?

Was Theodora I, the wife of Emperor Justinian of Byzantium (reigned  527 - 565 CE), a heroine?  The historian Treadgold calls her a protectress of women, as she used her influence to help them gain rights. She is also seen in popular...
Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms in Ancient Texts
Article by Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms in Ancient Texts

The rarity of the appearance of Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek kingdoms in ancient literature is one of the reasons why those states are so little-known today. Indo-Greek literature did exist, but none has been found that speaks about the...
Poverty Point
Image by Maximilian Dörrbecker

Poverty Point

Map of the Poverty Point archaeological site, Louisiana.
Diotid Dynasty
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Diotid Dynasty

The Diodotids were a Greco-Bactrian dynasty of kings, composed of the two rulers Diodotos I and his son Diodotos II. The dynasty lasted between c. 250 BCE and c. 230 BCE, which was very short but significant because Diodotos I was the first...
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian Kingdom

The Greco-Bactrian kingdom refers to several dynasties and probably kingdoms of Greco-Macedonian monarchs who ruled over Bactria from 250 to 130 BCE. Foundation The Greco-Bactrian kingdom appeared in 250 BCE, when the satrap Diodotos...
Some new hypotheses on the problems of the Indo-Greek kingdoms
Article by Antoine Simonin

Some new hypotheses on the problems of the Indo-Greek kingdoms

Warning: See the definitions of Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Kingdoms before reading this article, otherwise the following lines could give you serious headaches! A lack of information is a common problem for historians of the Greco-Bactrian...
Aria
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Aria

Aria (or Areia) was always understood to be the area around the Areios River, today Hari Rud in Afghanistan (Arrian, Anabasis IV.6.6). It was bounded to the north by Margiana and Bactria, where the area of the Margos River begins; to...
Sogdiana
Definition by Antoine Simonin

Sogdiana

Sogdiana (or Sogdia) is a region in Central Asia between the mighty rivers Iaxartes in the north and Oxus in the south. Its eastern and western limits are more difficult to determine, especially since the toponym Sogdiana covered different...